Martin Hinz

Martin Hinz

Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften
Universität Bern
Mittelstrasse 43
CH - 3012 Bern
+41 31 631 58 26


About me

I am an archaeologist whose research focuses on prehistoric archaeology, currently on the Neolithic of northern Central Europe / South Scandinavia, and of the Swiss lakeshore settlements. I am very interested in human-environmental interactions and the questions of population development in the Neolithic and Bronze Age.

I received my PhD from Kiel University within the Graduate School ‘Human Development in Landscape’ in 2011. Until 2016 I was Assistent Coordinator at the DFG Priority Programme 1400 ‘Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation’. From 2016-2018 I worked as postdoc in the Project F1 of the CRC1266 “Scales of Transformation”. Currently I am a senior researcher (Oberassistent) at the Institute for Archaeological Sciences (IAS) at the University of Bern.

I regard quantitative methods as essential for archaeological research. That is why they represent a substantial aspect of my toolkit. This includes statistical analysis, spatial technologies (including GIS and spatial statistics), and dynamic modeling. You may find some screencasts and other posts regarding statistical method on this website. One other main aspect is Open Data. I am leading developer of RADON and RADON-B, which are among the largest repositories for 14C data for archaeology.


  • Archaeology of the Neolithic and early Bronze Age
  • Quantitative methods and statistics
  • Theoretical archaeology
  • Lakeshore settlements (‘Pile Dwellings’)
  • Megalithic
  • Radiocarbon dates
  • Demographic analysis
  • Agent based simulations
  • Predictive modelling/mapping
  • Spatial Statistics/Simulations
  • Software development for archaeological applications
  • Reproducible research & Open science


  • MA in Archaeology, 2008
    • Kiel University
  • PhD in Archaeology, 2011
    • Kiel University

Publications (since 2015)


  1. Hinz, M. (2020). Sensitivity of Radiocarbon Sum Calibration. Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology, 3(1), 238–252.
  2. Schirrmacher, J., Kneisel, J., Knitter, D., Hamer, W., Hinz, M., Schneider, R. R., & Weinelt, M. (2020). Spatial patterns of temperature, precipitation, and settlement dynamics on the Iberian Peninsula during the Chalcolithic and the Bronze Age. Quaternary Science Reviews, 233, 1–17.


  1. Hinz, M., Schirrmacher, J., Kneisel, J., Rinne, C., & Weinelt, M. (2019). The Chalcolithic–Bronze Age transition in southern Iberia under the influence of the 4.2 kyr event? A correlation of climatological and demographic proxies. Journal of Neolithic Archaeology, 21, 1–26.
  2. Schmid, C., Seidensticker, D., & Hinz, M. (2019). c14bazAAR: An R package for downloading and preparing C14 dates from different source databases. Journal of Open Source Software.
  3. Feeser, I., Dörfler, W., Kneisel, J., Hinz, M., & Dreibrodt, S. (2019). Human impact and population dynamics in the Neolithic and Bronze Age: Multi-proxy evidence from north-western Central Europe. The Holocene, 0(0), 0959683619857223.
  4. Arponen, V. P. J., Dörfler, W., Feeser, I., Grimm, S., Groß, D., Hinz, M., Knitter, D., Müller-Scheeßel, N., Ott, K., & Ribeiro, A. (2019). Environmental determinism and archaeology. Understanding and evaluating determinism in research design. Archaeological Dialogues, 26(01), 1–9.
  5. Stapfer, R., Heitz, C., Hinz, M., & Hafner, A. (2019). Interdisciplinary examinations carried out on heterogeneous coarse ceramics from Neolithic lakeside settlements in the Northern Alpine Foreland (3900–3500 BCE): Analysis strategy and preliminary results from a test series using pXRF. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 25, 217–238.
  6. Maria Wunderlich, Johannes Müller, & Martin Hinz. (2019). Diversified monuments: A chronological framework of the creation of monumental landscapes in prehistoric Europe. In Müller, Johannes, M. Hinz, & Wunderlich, Maria (Eds.), Megaliths – Societies – Landscapes (Number 18, pp. 25–29). Habelt.
  7. Müller, Johannes, Hinz, M., & Wunderlich, Maria. (2019). Megaliths – Societies – Landscapes (Number 18). Habelt.
  8. Martin Hinz, Johannes Müller, & Maria Wunderlich. (2019). The monumentalisation of European landscapes. In Müller, Johannes, M. Hinz, & Wunderlich, Maria (Eds.), Megaliths – Societies – Landscapes (Number 18, pp. 21–23). Habelt.


  1. Schmid, C., Seidensticker, D., Knitter, D., Hinz, M., Matzig, D., Hamer, W., & Schmütz, K. (2018). c14bazAAR: Download and Prepare C14 Dates from Different Source Databases.
  2. Mueller-Scheessel, N., Hinz, M., Schmid, C., Rinne, C., Knitter, D., Hamer, W., Seidensticker, D., Faupel, F., Tietze, C., & Grunert, N. (2018). mortAAR: Analysis of Archaeological Mortality Data.
  3. Hinz, M., Schmid, C., Knitter, D., & Tietze, C. (2018). oxcAAR: Interface to ’OxCal’ Radiocarbon Calibration.
  4. Hinz, M. (2018). From Hunting to Herding? Aspects of the Social and Animal Landscape during the Southern Scandinavian Neolithic. In A. Haug, L. Käppel, & J. Müller (Eds.), Past Landscapes: The Dynamics of Interaction between Society, Landscape, and Culture (pp. 207–233). Sidestone Press.
  5. Stapfer, R. B., Heitz, C., Hinz, M., & Hafner, A. (2018). Portable Röntgenfluoreszenzanalytik (pXRF): Mit dem "Labor in der Hand" der Vergangenheit auf der Spur. In T. Burri & R. B. Stapfer (Eds.), Naturwissenschaftliche Methoden in der Archäologie (Vol. 75, pp. 136–155). Naturforschende Gesellschaft Bern.
  6. Hinz, M., Furholt, M., & Mischka, D. (2018). Putting Things into Practice: Pragmatic Theory and the Exploration of Monumental Landscapes. In A. Haug, L. Käppel, & J. Müller (Eds.), Past Landscapes: The Dynamics of Interaction between Society, Landscape, and Culture (pp. 87–106). Sidestone Press.


  1. Dreibrodt, S., Furholt, M., Hofmann, R., Hinz, M., & Cheben, I. (2017). P-ed-XRF-geochemical signatures of a 7300 year old Linear Band Pottery house ditch fill at Vráble- Ve’lké Lehemby, Slovakia - House inhabitation and post-depositional processes. Quaternary International, 438, 131–143.
  2. Rohde Krossa, V., Moros, M., Leduc, G., Hinz, M., Blanz, T., & Schneider, R. (2017). Regional climate change and the onset of farming in northern Germany and southern Scandinavia. The Holocene, 27(10), 1589–1599.


  1. Arponen, V. P. J., Mueller, J., Hofmann, R., Furholt, M., Ribeiro, A., Horn, C., & Hinz, M. (2016). Using the Capability Approach to Conceptualise Inequality in Archaeology: the Case of the Late Neolithic Bosnian Site Okolite c. 5200-4600 BCE. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 23(2), 541–560.


  1. Nakoinz, O., & Hinz, M. (2015). Modelle in der Archäologie. In B. Thalheim & I. Nissen (Eds.), Wissenschaft und Kunst der Modellierung: Kieler Zugang zur Definition, Nutzung und Zukunft (Number 64, pp. 219–250). de Gruyter.
  2. Müller, J., Hinz, M., & Ulrich, M. (2015). Bell Beakers – chronology, innovation and memory: a multivariate approach. In M. P. Prieto Martinez & L. Salanova (Eds.), The Bell Beaker Transition in Europe: Mobility and local Evolution during the 3rd Millennium BC (pp. 57–68).
  3. Weinelt, M., Schwab, C., Kneisel, J., & Hinz, M. (2015). Climate and societal change in the western Mediterranean area around 4.2 ka BP. In H. Meller, H. W. Arz, R. Jung, & R. Risch (Eds.), 2200 BC - Ein Klimasturz als Ursache für den Zerfall der alten Welt: 7. Mitteldeutscher Archäologentag vom 23. bis 26. Oktober 2014 in Halle.
  4. Hage, F., Schafferer, G., & Hinz, M. (2015). Common motivation, different intentions? A multiscalar approach to the megalithic architecture of the Funnel Beaker North Group. In L. Laporte & C. Scarre (Eds.), The Megalithic Architectures of Europe.
  5. Hinz, M. (2015). Growth and Decline? Population dynamics of Funnel beaker societies in the 4th millenium BC. In K. Brink, S. Hydén, K. Jennbert, L. Larsson, & D. Olausson (Eds.), Neolithic Diversities : Perspectives from a conference in Lund, Sweden (Vol. 65, pp. 43–51).
  6. Hinz, M., & Kirleis, W. (2015). Stability in a changing world: insights from settlement intensity patterns and archaeobotany. In L. Laporte & C. Scarre (Eds.), The Megalithic Architectures of Europe.
  7. Hinz, M., & Müller, J. (2015). The Absolute Speed of Change: Multidimensional Scaling and Innovation Rates. Archaeometry, 57(3), 560–581.

For full publication list visit publications

Latest Blog Post

  • 14C Calibration the Bayesian way


    With what follows I want to demonstrate that the basic functionality of Oxcal is reflected in this tiny bit of code:

    likelihood <- function(proposal){dnorm(calf(proposal),bp,std)}
    collector <- bp <- 3600; std <- 30; last_prob <- likelihood(bp)
    for (i in 1:10000) {
      proposal <- rnorm(1, tail(collector,1), 3*std)
      proposal_prob <- likelihood(proposal)
      if ((proposal_prob/last_prob) > runif(1))
        last_prob <- proposal_prob
      } else {
        proposal <- tail(collector,1)
      collector <- c(collector, proposal)
  • 14C Calibration 1

    Calibration of 14C dates is one of the more common tasks an archaeologists has to do. I will not go into the details of the details why calibration is necessary here (maybe in another post), but I want to give in this post and in some follow ups hands on instruction how a calibration can be archieved using R. This series will be published also at the ISAAKiel-Repository.

  • Blog Entry Number One

    To get my new website finally online, I want to add something to the blog section. Here in the future mostly stuff should be published that is related to archaeology and statistics using R.

    To start I want to add a bit that helps to understand the relationship of several items within a collection of data. To be more specific, how can I explore the correlation of lets say pottery types or in this case animal species in the archaeological remains of different sites. Do specific combination occure regularily, so that it might be the case that they are functional related?

Find more at the blog section

subscribe via RSS